Q: Which is the better storm shelter; one that is built from the ground up, or one that is pre-fabricated?
A: Prefabricated units are simple and easy to install. Factory built and water tight, installation is consists of a back hoe diggin out a dimensionally appropriate hole in the ground and havin the module lowered into place.
The excavated soil is put back in place and the process is done. Electricity can also be wired to the unit to provide lightin.
By buildin on from the ground up, the process takes much longer and the stability of the unit isn't factory tested. Although some may argue that makin one yourself is cheaper, more time is invested into the project with the uncertainty of the unit withstanding harsh weather conditions.
Also, ground-up units have a reputation for bein easily infested by bugs.
Q: Can a tornado pull a storm shelter out of the ground?
A: No. Unless your storm shelter is something above ground (like a oil drum), you are very safe below ground. It may be likely that a tornado could pull off a door, staircase, or antenna, but the shelter itself s very safe.
Q: Is it possible for the wind to do any damage to my storm shelter?
A: If the shelter is underground, then no, no wind can do any damage to it, aside from displacing the soil packed in above it.
No above-ground shelter is safe against a stron enough tornado. Even if you built a storm shelter, concrete, reinforced with steel, a tornado could cast a big heavy thin at your whereabouts, and smash.
Q: How would you stop a leak within a metal storm shelter?
A: Cut the spot out, including the rust around the area, and then fill the spot in the car putty. Once dry, paint over the spot with anti-corrosion paint. You can also use tar. For example, roofing tar would work because it hardens but stays flexible.
If you are outside, of the USA, use a searchin engine, with the searchin term, "storm shelter builders" plus the name of your whereabouts, such as "storm shelter builders suffolk" or "queensland storm shelter builders".
Purchase an emergency radio-Bein informed plays a key when preparing for a tornado. By havin an emergency radio, you will be able to keep up to date about tornado sightins, path, and possible reoccurrin strikinss.
Area Wide Warnin System- Be conscious about the local tornado alert system within your area, whether it be loud speaker, siren, or local news broadcast.
Thunderstorm Warnins- Tornado warnins are normal the first sign of a tornado, and learnin the differences between watch, warnin, etc., can help you prepare for a possible touch-down accordinly.
Tornado WATCH means a there is a possibility of a tornado
Tornado WARNIN means an actual funnel cloud was spotted
Before a tornado the sky will be an eerie greenish/black color, havin fast-movin clouds
Some tornadoes to not have a distinct funnel, look for flyin debris
Tornado Emergency Plan- Whether livin by yourself, with family, or friends, havin a plan which everyone is aware of is important for insurin proper preparation takes place quick and easy without worry or frustration.
Emergency Plan Practice- Havin a plan is important, but practicin it is just as crucial to insuring safety.
Important Document Storin -- Makin sure important information, lore, files, and contact information are in a plan which will endure a tornado is crucial when beginnin steps towards recovery once it is safe to rebuild.
First Aid Kit- Havin a fully stocked first aid kit is important for handlin injuries in case they should happen, and goin to the hospital isn't an option.
Utilities- Shuttin off utilities can have an incredible impact on the aftermath of a tornado.
With water, heat, and electricity properly shut off beforehand, rebuilding can becoming a faster, simpler process, while the risk of fire or other damages, scathe, are greatly lowered.
Durin a Tornado:
Get to the lowest part of the buildin, weather it be basement, storm cellar, or ground level. If at ground level, stay within bathroom or closet
Best places to hide are storm shelters, basements, or under stairs
Any place away from windows, with many walls between you, and the perimeter of the buildin
Bathtub, closet, or under a sturdy table
Use heavy blankets, or a mattress, to cover yourself, from flying glass and other thins
Your place for shelter should be picked beforehand, and it should be well known
Get away from windows
Get to middle of room
Get under piece of steady furniture, and try to cover body with blanket or mattress
If In Another Building, Like Department Store Or School:
Get to basement, hallway, or lowest level
Avoid places with large rooves, such as stadiums and auditoriums
Get under sturdy furniture
Protect head/neck with whatever is available, or hands and arms
Get inside a buildin, if possible
Lie in ditch or lowest part of ground if shelter of any kind isn't near
Cover head and neck with arms
If In a Car:
Do NOT try to drive
Find shelter in nearby buildin
If no shelter, find lowest part of ground and lie down
Do NOT stop under a bridge, nor an overpassin, if you judge, or see a tornado may be comin. The wind's speed actually rises anywhere there is a restriction.
The whereabouts, under bridges, and overpassins, restricts the air and it will speeden it up, and cause even more scathe, to anythin in the whereabouts.
After the Tornado:
Check for injuries.
Listen to follow instructions given by local officials and emergency management personal.
Avoid downed power line
Do NOT use candles if it can be avoided in case of possible gas leaks
Turn off electricity if sparks are visible
Watch for loose debris
If a camera or camera phone is available, take pictures of damage for insurance purposes.